Monaco. It is the second smallest country in the world, and paradoxically the first in population density. The Principality of Monaco is situated at the foot of the Southern Alps and on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy, on the French Riviera, also called the Riviera. It is a state of Western Europe, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Its climate, Mediterranean par excellence, makes Monaco a privileged place, where life is very pleasant in all seasons. It is also a prestigious center of culture in which the most luxurious hotels in the world are located, as well as one of the most prestigious greastronic systems in the world.
The principality is also home to several events such as the Monaco Grand Prix of Formula 1 as well as the Monte Carlo Masters, one of the most prestigious tennis events in the world. But without a doubt it is the Monte Carlo Casino, which has been dedicated since its inception to the art of the game, the biggest attraction of Monaco, achieving revenues of over one billion dollars per year.
Dominated by diverse towns of the antiquity, was colony of the Phoenicians which established within their dominions the temple of the God Mel kart. Then, the Greeks dominated it with the name of Monika’s and the Romans with that of Ports Hercules Monaca. In the first century, capital of Monaco was completely Christianized and then passed to various barbarian peoples like Franks and Lombard’s. It then passed to the Holy Roman Empire and finally to the Republic of Genoa until 1297, the year from which the Grimalkin House governs the country until today, legitimizing it in 1419.
Until its independence, it was coveted as a naval base by the French. Various treaties of protection and autonomy were celebrated with Spain (in 1512), France (1409, 1641 and 1861) and the Italian kingdom of Sardinia (Vienna Congress of 1815). Occupied by the Spaniards in 1605, it obtained the dominions of Roccabruna (“Roquebrune”) and Mentone / Manton (which would lose with the Revolution of 1848). During the French Revolution the country was occupied in 1793, a situation that would last until 1815.
In 1865, an agreement was signed with France on customs issues and abolition of direct taxes. With Prince Albert I, Absolutism was abolished in 1869.
Development of its economy
The then prince Carlos III had the idea to create the games of the Casino of Monte car it (the game of chance was illegal in the neighboring countries), that allowed the principality, enriching itself and to develop quickly. In 1863, Carlos agreed to the privilege of exploiting the casino, the hotels and the theater to François Blanc, founder of the Bath and Sea Society of the Foreigners Circle in order to provide income to the Court.
In 1866, Carlos II, who had promoted these works, renamed the district of the Spélugues as Monte Carlo in his own honor; the activation of the Nice-Ventimiglia railway in 1868 strengthened the prosperous. Finally, in 1869, Carlos III eliminated taxes on personal property and furniture, a fact that led to intense construction activity. An opera in 1869, numerous museums, and the Oceanographic Institute Foundation in 1906 were built during this period.
The first Monte Carlo rally took place in 1911, the first automobile Grand Prix in 1929. The Prince of Monaco had full powers; this was then an absolute monarchy, until the reform of the 1911 constitution, which made the country a constitutional monarchy. In July 1918, a treaty was signed accord- in to limited protection of the principality by France.
During the Second World War there was the arrival of Italian troops in June 1940 unsettled Prince Louis II of Monaco, since he believed that there would be an annexation and his subsequent dismissal. For this reason, he approached the Vichy government, both Pierre Laval and Marshal Petain, to whom he successfully requested help. Hitler ordered the invasion of Monaco by the German army in September 1943 as well as Vichy France and Italy. Monaco was liberated by troops from the US at the end of the war.
In 1962, the new constitution was promulgated, thus ensuring respect for the fundamental rights of the Monegasque: The following year, a treaty was signed with France from which economic differences were settled and new neighborhood and currency agreements were created, which were renewed in 2002 with the circulation of the Euro in Monaco, although this state is not a member of the European Union (EU).
In 1982, the wife of Rainier III, Princess Grace, dies of a tragic accident, from which she moved all circles of the principality and world jet-set and made valuable contributions to the cultural development of the country. Years later, his companion, the sovereign prince, Rainier II I, would pass away on April 6 , 2005 , being succeeded by Prince Albert II of Monaco , son of Rainier and Kelly.
One of Monaco’s main sources of income is tourism. Every year, many visitors are attracted by its pleasant climate and its luxurious casino. In 2001, a new and important construction project extended the dock used by cruise ships in the main port. The Principality has tried to diversify services and small industries with high added value, but not those polluting industries such as cosmetics and bothers.
Living standards are high, comparable to those in thriving French metropolitan areas.
The state maintains monopolies in numerous sectors, such as the distribution of tobacco and the postal service. The telephone network (Monaco Telecom) was initially owned by the state, but currently the state owns 45% of its shares, 49% belongs to landlines and wireless 6% to Companies Monegasque de Banquet. Telephony is still a monopoly today.
Monaco is not a member of the European Union, but is closely linked to it through its customs union with France. The currency in current use is the euro, with Monegasque designs on its national side. For more information about capital cities of different countries you can visit http://www.nationalpedia.com/.
Casino of Monte Carlo
Casino de Monte Carlo: Designed by Charles Garner, responsible for the majestic Paris Opera, the building is dominated by sumptuous Louis XV- style decor.
Monte Carlo has a name of Italian origin that means ‘Monte Carlo’. Named in honor of the reigning prince of the time, Carlos III of Monaco. In the 1850s the ruling family of Monaco was almost bankrupt, as a result of the loss of two cities, which provided most of the Principality’s income with its lemon, orange and olive oil crops. At this time a series of small cities in Europe were growing in prosperity with gambling establishments, especially in cities like the German ones of Baden-Baden and Homburg.
In 1856, Charles III of Monaco gave a concession to Napoleon Lang Lois and Albert Auber to establish an installation of sea baths for the treatment of various diseases and build this famous German-style casino in Monaco. The casino is divided into different rooms: Sale America, Sale Blanca, with a replica panel of the Three Graces, the Rosa Hall, for smokers, and the Ordinaries and Proves Halls, to play.
Undoubtedly it is one of the most notable tourist attractions of the Principality of Monaco. The casino complex is a gaming system that also includes the Grand Theater of Monte Carlo, an opera house and a ballet house, and the headquarters of the Ballet of Monte Carlo. It is located in the Monte Carlo district. It is the annual headquarters of the Grand Final of the European Poker Tour.
It is still one of the most important, luxurious and select casinos in the world.
Also known as the Observatory Grotto was opened in 1933; the garden offers a large selection of the most exotic flowers on the planet. The grotto of the observatory opened to the public 20 years later, is an underground cavity formed by a series of grottos overflowing with stalagmites and stalagmites.
Driven by Alberto I and built in 1910 with the succulent benefits of the Monte Carlo Casino. It is also a marine research institute. Jacques Cousteau established his work center here.
Cathedral of Monaco
The Cathedral of San Nicolas or of Monaco was built in 1875. In its interior is the royal pantheon of the Grimalkin family, with the mortal remains of the royal saga. From September to June and December 6 (celebration of St. Nicholas) the choir of “The little singers of Monaco” sings during the Mass every Sunday at 10 o’clock in the morning.
In Monaco-Ville, where the seat of the Government is located, the Palazzo del Principe, built in the mid-13th century, is used. During its long history it has been bombed and besieged by several foreign powers. It is the residence of the Prince of Monaco and can only be visited in his absence. The change of guard is carried out daily at 11: 55h.