In English, the days of the week are stimulated with the aid of the celestial our bodies and the mythological characters of the tale. They are the result of an magnificent mishmash of cultures and traditions and provide us a captivating perception into the way the English language changed into fashioned.
As we know, English could be very tons inspired through historic Greek, Latin and Germanic languages and those impacts are visible within the names of the times of the week. Without knowing it, we use ordinary phrases that offer us with precious records approximately our language and history and tell us the similarities among English and numerous European languages.
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Let’s test the seven days of the week and find out their foundation!
Greek and Roman
The I th in III th century, the unique order of the day become: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite and Cronos. These days had been named after the foremost celestial bodies at the primary hour of the day, in step with Hellenistic Astrology. The Greeks transmitted these names of the planetary week to the Romans. Then, their Latin names migrated to different languages of Southern and Western Europe and to other cultures and languages through the years.
But why did the Romans base the times of the week on planets bearing the names of their gods? The answer is they noticed a link between their gods and the converting face of the night time sky. The gods they might see within the sky every night time were Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. These 5 planets, with the moon and the solar, form seven super astronomical bodies. It become consequently natural to use these seven names to call the seven days of the week.
The first day of the week turned into named “Sunday” after the sun. “Dies Solis” means certainly the day of the solar in Latin. Later, this word became Sunnon-dagaz in Old Germanic. This is where the English phrase “Sunday” comes from these days.
Again, it is simple to guess the origin of this name: “Monday” is in reality the day of the moon – or “dies Lunae” in Latin, which became My (an) dæg in Old English.
While maximum days of the English week retained their institutions with the Roman gods, a few were changed with the aid of the names of equivalent Germanic gods. This is because English is a Germanic language.
“Tuesday” became named after Mars, the Roman god of war. In Latin, this name was “dies Martis”. Now, the Germanic God of struggle became known as “Tiu”. “Tuesday” is consequently derived from the name of this German God. First known as Tiwsday , it sooner or later have become “Tuesday.”
Again, this word is based totally on a Germanic call as opposed to Latin: the Germanic equivalent of the Roman god Mercury changed into “Woden”. The 1/3 day of the week that at first had the Latin name of ” dies Mercurii ” have become ” Woden’s day” in Old Germanic, then “Wednesday” in English.
Jupiter, also called “Jove”, turned into the perfect God of the Romans and the customer of the Roman state. He created thunder and lightning. “Thor” is his Scandinavian equivalent: this God of thunder is frequently depicted crossing the sky aboard his chariot. Through this Scandinavian God, it is simple to see how the Latin name ” dies Jovis” (day of Jupiter) have become ” Thor’s day”, then “Thursday”.
As everyone is aware of, Venus is the Roman goddess of love and beauty. In Latin, his day become known as ” dies Veneris “. The English name of the day of Venus is based on “Frigg”, the Scandinavian goddess of affection and heavens and sooner or later on “Fria”, the Teutonic goddess of affection and splendor. In Germanic, nowadays have become ” Frije-dagaz” , then “Friday” in English.
The beginning of the closing day of the week is pretty easy to wager: Saturn changed into the Roman god of agriculture that the Greeks known as “Cronos”. In Latin, his day is called “dies Saturni”, which have become “Saturday” in English, or the day of Saturn.
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